IGRA USTVARJALNOSTI


Teorija in praksa urejanja prostora | Number 3 | Year 2015 | ISSN 2350-3637

Jernej Vidmar1, Janez Koželj1

Prilagodljivi urbanizem: pristop s parametričnimi kartami

DOI 10.15292/IU-CG.2015.03.044-052 | UDK 374:303.425:711.4(497.4) | POSLANO: 09/2014 | PREGLEDANO: 05/2015 | OBJAVLJENO: 10/2015
Organizacija: 1 Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za arhitekturo, Slovenija

POVZETEK
Velike okoljske spremembe in tehnološki razvoj, ki povzročajo hitre in nepredvidljive spremembe, silijo naša mesta v reorganizacijo in prilagoditev na vseh nivojih. Sodobna mesta postajajo vse bolj dinamična in odprta za prihodnje spremembe, katerim pa tradicionalni operativni instrumenti regulacije zazidave (npr. OPPN/zazidalni načrt) ne morejo slediti. Manjka jim prožnost in odzivnost, ki bi lahko sledili hitrosti in nepredvidljivosti sprememb. Zato potrebujemo bolj prilagodljive metode načrtovanja mest. V tem članku predstavljamo novo metodo načrtovanja in oblikovanja, ki bi lahko izboljšala običajne instrumente regulacije zazidave. Predlagana metoda temelji na t. i. parametričnih kartah, ki omogočajo odprto, prožno in odzivno načrtovanje in oblikovanje mestne zazidave. Parametrične karte preoblikujejo regulacijska določila zazidave v neposreden (interaktiven) prostor rešitev (ang. solution space), znotraj katerega je možno oblikovati in ovrednotiti množico veljavnih variant zazidave. To omogoča prilagodljivo načrtovanje mest, odprto za spremembe v prihodnosti. Da bi ocenili predlagano metodo, smo razvili interaktivno prototipno aplikacijo. Predhodni rezultati kažejo, da lahko z uporabo parametričnih kart, ki opisujejo regulacijske pogoje zazidave, izboljšamo proces urbanističnega načrtovanja in oblikovanja. Nakazujejo tudi, da bi parametrične karte lahko dopolnile običajne urbanistične dokumente na način, da ti postanejo bolj prožni in odzivni, kar bolje ustreza potrebam v načrtovanju in oblikovanju sodobnega mesta.

KLJUČNE BESEDE
prilagodljivo, parametrično, urbanistično načrtovanje, urbanistično oblikovanje.

CELOTEN ČLANEK
http://iu-cg.org/paper/2015/IU_CG_03-2015_vidmar.pdf (1.1 MB)

CITAT
Vidmar, J., Koželj, J. (2015). Prilagodljivi urbanizem: pristop s parametričnimi kartami. Igra Ustvarjalnosti - Creativity Game, 3/2015, 44-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.15292/IU-CG.2015.03.044-052

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