Theory and Practice of Spatial Planning | Number 3 | Year 2015 | ISSN 2350-3637
Typology of Retractable Roof Structures in Stadiums and Sports Halls
DOI 10.15292/IU-CG.2015.03.090-099 |
UDK 624.94:725.84 |
SUBMITTED: 06/2015 |
REVISED: 09/2015 |
Author's affiliation: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture, Slovenia
Retractable roof structures are one of the four fundamental systems (in addition to the playing area, stands and facade) in a stadium and sports hall. The roof protects users against various weather conditions and creates optimum circumstances for carrying out different activities. Stadiums and sports halls with retractable roof structures can host a greater variety of activities, improve the quality of their implementation and the quality of visitors’ experience, and affect the perception and experience of people using or observing such buildings.
A retractable roof structure allows for natural lighting and ventilation of the venue, gives optimal conditions for grass growth on the playing field, and reduces costs of use and maintenance of the building. Different typologies of movement of roof structures (frequency of opening and closing, design of the structure, and methods of movement) are categorised in terms of their architectural and structural design. Application of different retractable roof systems worldwide is indicator of their effectiveness and efficiency, and is basis for use of movement also in other fundamental systems of stadiums and sports halls. Research and identification of characteristics of retractable roof structures lead to the design of new moving systems that can with the application of the moving principle change the purpose of movable elements or assume the characteristics of other fundamental systems.
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